Weed of the Month: Velvetleaf

Originally from Asia and used as a fiber crop, velvetleaf was found in the United States around 1700. Today, velvetleaf can be found in fields as a weed and controlled by a variety of methods.

  • Common name: Velvetleaf
  • Scientific name: Abutilon theophrasti Medicus1
  • Annual or perennial: Summer annual1
  • Root system: Fibrous and taproot system2
  • Leaf arrangement: Alternate2
  • Leaf shape: Heart-shaped3
  • Flowers: Yellow with five petals3

Fast facts

  • Extreme heights: If left untouched, a velvetleaf plant can grow up to 7 feet tall.2
  • Seeds: Velvetleaf produces approximately 2,000 to 9,000 seeds per plant in capsules that contain 35 to 45 seeds.1
  • Competitiveness: If velvetleaf is left untouched, it can reduce corn yield by 20% to 34% if there are three plants per square foot.1
  • Soil Types: Velvetleaf thrives in compacted soils rich with nitrogen and with a high pH.1
  • Emergence: Velvetleaf emergences from the top 2 inches of soil. It will not survive germination if it remains on the soil surface.1

Identify differences between seedling velvetleaf, seedling prickly sida and seedling spurred anoda

  • Velvetleaf has one heart-shaped cotyledon and one round cotyledon; prickly sida has two heart-shaped cotyledons.2
  • Velvetleaf cotyledons are thicker than pricky sida cotyledons.2
  • Velvetleaf and spurred anoda both have similarly shaped cotyledons; but as the plant grows, spurred anoda’s first leaves are more triangular.2

Control tips

  • Flaming is an effective method for controlling velvetleaf.1
  • Hoeing can control velvetleaf if the plant is less than ¼ inch tall.1
  • A no-till situation can help control velvetleaf because the seed cannot survive on the surface.1
  • There are also herbicide options for velvetleaf control.1

Where Herbicide-resistant Velvetleaf Lives (according to WeedScience.org)

Corteva Agriscience offers the following weed control solutions:

Corn Herbicides

DuPont Cinch® ATZ herbicide
Durango® DMA® herbicide
Elevore® herbicide
Enlist Duo® herbicide, as part of the Enlist weed control system
Enlist One® herbicide, as part of the Enlist weed control system
FulTime® NXT herbicide
Keystone® LA NXT herbicide
Keystone® NXT herbicide
DuPont Realm® Q herbicide
Resicore® herbicide
SureStart® II herbicide

Soybean Herbicides
Durango® DMA® herbicide
Elevore herbicide
Enlist Duo® herbicide, as part of the Enlist weed control system
Enlist One® herbicide, as part of the Enlist weed control system
DuPont EverpreX® herbicide
FirstRate® herbicide
Sonic® herbicide
Surveil® herbicide
DuPont Trivence® herbicide
DuPontEnlite® herbicide
DuPontAfforia® herbicide
DuPont™ FeXapan™ herbicide Plus VaporGrip® Technology


Sources:

1Michigan State University, Department of Plant, Soil and Microbial Sciences. Velvetleaf. https://www.canr.msu.edu/weeds/extension/velvetleaf
2Steckel, L. Velvetleaf. https://extension.tennessee.edu/publications/Documents/W167.pdf
3University of Massachusetts Extension. Abutilon theophrasti. https://extension.umass.edu/landscape/weeds/abutilon-theophrasti

™®Afforia, Cinch, DMA, DuPont, Durango, Elevore, Enlist, Enlist Duo, Enlist One, Enlite, EverpreX, FeXapan, FirstRate, FulTime, Keystone, Realm, Resicore, Sonic, SureStart, Surveil and Trivence are trademarks of Dow AgroSciences, DuPont or Pioneer, and their affiliated companies or their respective owners. VaporGrip® is a registered trademark of the Bayer Group. Cinch ATZ, FeXapan herbicide Plus VaporGrip Technology, FulTime NXT, Keystone LA NXT and Keystone NXT are Restricted Use Pesticides. Cinch ATZ, Durango DMA, Elevore, FeXapan herbicide Plus VaporGrip Technology, FulTime NXT, Keystone LA NXT, Realm Q, Resicore, Sonic, SureStart II and Surveil are not registered for sale or use in all states. Keystone NXT is not available for sale, distribution or use in all states. FulTime NXT, Keystone LA NXT, Keystone NXT, Resicore and SureStart II are not available for sale, distribution or use in Nassau and Suffolk counties in the state of New York. Contact your state pesticide regulatory agency to determine if a product is registered for sale or use in your state. EverpreX is not registered in all states. See your Corteva Agriscience retailer or representative for availability in your state. Enlist Duo and Enlist One herbicides are not registered for sale or use in all states or counties. Contact your state pesticide regulatory agency to determine if a product is registered for sale or use in your area. Enlist Duo and Enlist One herbicides are the only 2,4-D products authorized for use in Enlist crops. Consult Enlist herbicide labels for weed species controlled. Always read and follow label directions. © 2019 Corteva.